Abstract:?Type specimens are the basis of the publication of new species and are of great significance to taxonomy and related scientific research. This dataset summarizes, verifies, and determines the type specimens of animals in Shennongjia, Hubei Province, China, based on the book titled Catalogue of the Animal Type Specimens Deposited in Shennongjia and a series of books titled Catalogue of the Insect Type Specimens Deposited in China (Volumes 1, 2, 3). The dataset covers 915 animal species, including type specimens collected from Shennongjia area (3 phyla, 8 classes, 31 orders and 187 families), which contain 7 vertebrates (1 phylum, 2 classes, 4 orders and 6 families) and 908 invertebrates (2 phyla, 6 classes, 27 orders and 181 families). Meanwhile, 14 species that were identified as ineffective specimens are specifically compiled. In this dataset, each record covers availability and classification of corresponding species, number of type specimens (i.e., holotype, allotype and paratype), collection location, collection time, specimen storage location in the original literature, whether the specimens are merely from Shennongjia, reference materials and remarks. This dataset provides an important reference for the related taxonomy and scientific research. It can also provide a scientific basis for animal protection work of forest ecosystems in Hubei Province and the southwest mountains of China.