Abstract:?The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau known as the “Chinese Water Tower”, has alpine wetlands as an important carrier for the Plateau water conservation. The budgets of carbon and water and the underlying environmental mechanism control are essential for evaluating the ecological functions of carbon sequestration and water conservation in alpine wetlands. Based on the popular eddy covariance technique, Haibei National Field Research Station for Alpine Grassland Ecosystem (i.e. Haibei Station) has been implementing the scientific observation of the carbon, water, and heat fluxes of an alpine Carex pamirensis wetland ecosystem since 2004. In order to promote the development of alpine ecology and maximize the value of data, we intended to publicly publish the carbon, water, and heat fluxes and related routine meteorological dataset of the alpine wetland. The flux and meteorological data durations range from 2004 to 2009 and from 2004 to 2010, respectively. The dataset includes net ecosystem CO2 exchange, ecosystem CO2 respiration, total ecosystem CO2 exchange, latent heat flux, sensible heat flux, air temperature, air relative humidity, water vapor pressure, wind speed, wind direction, soil temperature, total radiation, net radiation, photosynthetically active radiation and precipitation on half-hour, daily, monthly and yearly scales, respectively. This dataset is expected to provide data support and theoretical foundation for regional ecological function assessment and ecological civilization construction.
Keywords:?carbon, water, and heat fluxes;?Carex pamirensis;?alpine wetland;?eddy covariance technique;?Qinghai-Tibet Plateau